Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also acknowledged as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is component of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with roughly four.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), more than twice the dimension of Tucson and one of the greatest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. In spite of this, its canal program led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the original settler’s crops remaining crucial components of the Phoenix economic climate for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been acknowledged locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic climate. These remained the driving forces of the city till soon after World War II, when higher-tech companies started to move into the valley and air conditioning manufactured Phoenix’s hot summers more bearable.
The city averaged a 4 % yearly population growth charge more than a 40–year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth charge slowed for the duration of the Excellent Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.