Los Angeles lies in a basin in Southern California, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as substantial as ten,000 feet (three,000 m), and deserts. The metropolis, which addresses about 469 square miles (1,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populous county in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan region (MSA) is residence to 13.one million individuals, generating it the second-biggest metropolitan region in the nation right after New York. Higher Los Angeles contains metro Los Angeles as nicely as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the next most populous U.S. combined statistical location, also after New York, with a 2015 estimate of eighteen.7 million folks.
Property to the Chumash and Tongva, the region that became Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The metropolis was founded on September four, 1781, below Spanish governor Felipe de Neve, on the village of Yaanga. It grew to become a component of Mexico in 1821 pursuing the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the relaxation of California had been purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and thus turned component of the United States. Los Angeles was integrated as a municipality on April four, 1850, 5 months just before California reached statehood. The discovery of oil in the eighteen nineties introduced fast development to the town. The metropolis was further expanded with the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which delivers drinking water from Jap California.
The economic climate of Los Angeles is driven by intercontinental trade, leisure (television, movement photos, movie games, audio recording, and production), aerospace, technological innovation, petroleum, trend, attire, and tourism. Other considerable industries incorporate finance, telecommunications, regulation, health care, and transportation. In los angeles classified ads -wide Monetary Centres Index, Los Angeles was rated as having the 19th most competitive financial heart in the globe, and sixth most competitive in the United States (after New York Metropolis, San Francisco, Chicago, Boston, and Washington, D.C.).
One particular of the five key movie studios, Paramount Pictures, is within the metropolis boundaries, its area being part of the so-called “Thirty-Mile Zone” of amusement headquarters in Southern California.
Los Angeles is the premier manufacturing center in the United States. The contiguous ports of Los Angeles and Lengthy Seashore together comprise the busiest port in the United States by some actions and the fifth-busiest port in the globe, vital to trade within the Pacific Rim.
The Los Angeles metropolitan location has a gross metropolitan product of $one. trillion (as of 2017), making it the 3rd-premier economic metropolitan location in the planet, right after Tokyo and New York. Los Angeles has been labeled an “alpha globe metropolis” according to a 2012 review by a team at Loughborough College.